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Focus Questions


Topic: Environmental Issues
Subtopic 2: Protection of Long Island's Water

1. Where does Long Island get its drinking water?
2. What ensures the quality of Long Island's water?
3. What are some of the pollutants in our water?
4. How safe is our water?
5. What are some of the programs available on Long Island to protect our drinking water?
6. What can we do to protect our underground drinking water sources? What can we do to address nitrogen pollution?
7. What is the connection between our drinking and surface waters?
8. What are the major environmental issues in the Long Island Sound and the South Shore 
Estuary Reserve?
Estuary Reserve?

9. What are some programs and initiatives to protect the Long Island Sound and the South Shore 
Estuary Reserve?
Estuary Reserve?

10. What can you do to protect the Long Island Sound and the South Shore Estuary Reserve?
11. Other pollutants such as pharmaceutical drugs, household hazardous waste, and pesticides also contaminate drinking and surface waters. What can we do to reduce these pollutants?

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E-Links for Focus Questions

1. Where does Long Island get its drinking water?

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/long-island-groundwater.php

Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/36183.html

Suffolk County Water Authority:
http://www.scwa.com/education/faq/#9

Long Island Water Conference:
http://www.liwc.org/pages/eduSource.htm

Long Island Pine Barrens Society:
http://www.pinebarrens.org/drinkingwater.php

Proceedings of the Conference on Water Quality on Long Island:
http://www.eserc.stonybrook.edu/cen514/info/LI/Groundwater.pdf

Physical Geology – Long Island’s aquifers:
http://regentsearth.com/Projects/LI%20aquifers%20%28Hofstra%29.pdf

Hydrogeological Framework of Long Island:
http://geophysics.geo.sunysb.edu/wen/Geo315/LIGr/LIGr.htm

Our Water Source:
http://65.36.213.246/dwqr2013/pages/page-2-3.pdf

Brookhaven National Laboratory:
http://www.bnl.gov/water/groundwater.php

Bethpage Water District:
http://bethpagewater.org/WaterFacts/Aquifers.phpx


2. What ensures the quality of Long Island's water?

New York League of Conservation Voters:
http://www.nylcv.org/lieewaterqualityaquiferprotection

Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/press/88816.html

Unites States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/rulesregs/sdwa/index.cfm

New York State Department of Health:
http://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/water/drinking/ http://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/water/drinking/wellhead/wellfact.htm


3. What are some of the pollutants in our water?

Nassau County:
http://www.nassaucountyny.gov/agencies/DPW/SixPollutantsofConcern.html

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/PDFs/pesticide%204%20pager%20li.pdf http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/polluted-runoff.php http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/mtbe-pollution.php http://www.citizenscampaign.org/PDFs/sewage-in-the-suburbs.pdf http://www.citizenscampaign.org/pdfs/hhw%204%20pager.pdf

Long Island Press:
http://archive.longislandpress.com/2012/02/23/suffolk-county-septic-systems/ http://archive.longislandpress.com/2012/06/28/bethpage-toxic-plume/

United States Geological Survey:
http://ny.water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri004196/wrir00-4196.pdf

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/issues-actions/water-quality/

Eco Politics Daily:
http://www.nylcv.org/ecopoliticsdaily/20130501_yuck_factor_billions_of_gallons_of_sewage_spilled_from_bay_

Peconic Bay Keeper:
http://www.peconicbaykeeper.org/siteFiles/initiatives/D12BE38FDA3CF929439229D44DD976A5.pdf

The Nature Conservancy:
http://blog.nature.org/science/2013/04/24/long-islands-elephant-in-the-room-nitrogen-pollution/ http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/ newyork/newsroom/long-island-brown-and-red-tides.xml http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/ newyork/newsroom/top-three-issues-water-quality-long-island.xml

Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/64824.html

Suffolk County Government:
http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/Departments/HealthServices/EnvironmentalQuality/ Ecology/MarineWaterQualityMonitoring/BrownTide.phpx

Ground Water:
http://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/groundwater/contamination.html


4. How safe is our water?

Long Island Water Conference:
http://www.liwc.org/pages/eduSafe.htm

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/PDFs/2013 4 5 WQ Case Statement watermark FINAL.pdf

New York American Water:
http://www.amwater.com/nyaw/customer-service/water-quality-reports.html

The Community Alliance Blog:
http://thecommunityalliance.blogspot.com/2009/09/just-how-safe-is-long-islands-drinking.html

Water Worries:
http://www.rauchfoundation.org/files/4913/5214/6583/FINALWaterWorries6.11.pdf

Suffolk County Water Authority:
http://65.36.213.246/dwqr2013/water-quality-by-distribution-area-2013-scwa.html

North Shore Sun:
http://northshoresun.timesreview.com/2011/06/12248/ environmentalists-say-county-water-study-gives-cause-for-concern/

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/toxic-substances/ http://longislandsoundstudy.net/2010/07/water-quality-index/

Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/48375.html

Beyond Pesticides:
http://www.beyondpesticides.org/dailynewsblog/?p=10190


5. What are some of the programs available on Long Island to protect our drinking water?

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/alerts/alert-2013-03-e.htm

Sierra Club Long Island:
http://newyork.sierraclub.org/longisland/water.html

Natural Resources Defense Council:
http://www.nrdc.org/newyork/campaign-water.php?gclid=CMGOx-3W6bcCFQmf4AodzmQAfg

The Long Island Sound Foundation:
http://lisfoundation.org

Long Island’s Last Stand:
http://www.visionlongisland.org/smart_talk/07-27-12/LILastStandReport12FINALLR.PDF

Group for the East End:
http://www.groupfortheeastend.org/what-we-do/advocacy/clean-water-action/

Friends of the Bay:
http://friendsofthebay.org/?p=1185

Long Island Pine Barrens Society:
http://www.pinebarrens.org/mission.php

Neighborhood Network:
http://www.neighborhood-network.org/index.htm

Long Island American Water:
http://www.amwater.com/files/AMER0525_NY_WEBbrochure.pdf


6. What can we do to protect our underground drink water sources?

Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/25604.html

United States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://water.epa.gov/action/protect/

Neighborhood Network:
http://www.longislandnn.org/pesticides/LIPUMP.htm

Long Island Water Conference:
http://www.liwc.org/pages/eduProtect.htm

Clean Water Action:
http://www.cleanwateraction.org/files/publications/ca/10_Ways_to_Protect_Our_Water.pdf

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/get-involved/what-you-can-do/

NSF (National Sanitation Foundation):
http://www.nsf.org/consumer/earth_day/earthday_dw.php?program=WaterTre

The Ground Water Foundation:
http://www.groundwater.org/action/home/home.html


7. What are the characteristics of the Long Island Sound and the South Shore Estuary Reserve, which includes the Great South Bay?


8. What are the major environmental issues in the Long Island Sound
& the South Shore Estuary Reserve?

United States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/nep/challenges.cfm

Audubon:
http://policy.audubon.org/sites/default/files/documents/Case20Stmnt.206.2.05A.pdf

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/hypoxia/ http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/toxic-substances/ http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/pathogen-contamination/ http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/floatable-debris/ http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/management-and-conservation/?doing_wp_cron=1371437260.6641900539398193359375 http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/land-use-and-development/

Peconic Bay Keeper:
http://www.peconicbaykeeper.org/siteFiles/News/901176F0FD67C333EE9CEFC31D9B097C.pdf

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/brown-tide.php http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/aquatic-invasive-species.php#


9. What are some programs and initiatives to protect the Long Island Sound
& the South Shore Estuary Reserve?

Operation Splash:
http://operationsplash.net/index.htm

Connecticut Fund for the Environment/Save the Sound:
http://www.ctenvironment.org/save-the-sound/

Restore America’s Estuaries:
http://www.estuaries.org/about-us.html

Trade Only Today:
http://www.tradeonlytoday.com/home/516085-no-discharge-zone-added-in-long-island-sound

Department of State, Office of Communities and Waterfronts:
http://www.dos.ny.gov/communitieswaterfronts/pdfs/SSERCMP.pdf

Long Island South Shore Estuary Reserve Council:
http://www.lisser.us/background-pages/about-the-reserve.htm

SoundVision:
http://www.lisoundvision.org//about.cfm

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/about/our-mission/management-plan/land-use-and-development/

The Nature Conservancy:
http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/ newyork/placesweprotect/longisland/wherewework/long-island-peconic-estuary.xml http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/ newyork/placesweprotect/long-island-sound.xml

Your Public Media:
http://www.yourpublicmedia.org/content/wnpr/broadwater-withdraws-lng-project

Citizens Campaign for the Environment:
http://www.citizenscampaign.org/campaigns/long-island-sound-protection.php


10. What kinds of marine species live in the Long Island Sound and the South Shore Estuary Reserve?

Sound Update – Newsletter of the Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Debris12-final.pdf

The Maritime Aquarium:
http://www.maritimeaquarium.org/long-island-sound/conservation

Environment New York:
http://www.environmentnewyork.org/programs/nye/protect-long-island-sound

Long Island Sound Study:
http://longislandsoundstudy.net/get-involved/liss-volunteer-opportunities/

Long Island Exchange:
http://www.longislandexchange.com/longislandsound.html

National Estuarine Research Reserve System:
http://estuaries.noaa.gov/GetInvolved/Default.phpx?ID=211

United States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/fact5.cfm


11. What can you do to protect the Long Island Sound and the South Shore Estuary Reserve?


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Helpful Links

http://www.citizenscampaign.org http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/36064.html
http://www.dec.ny.gov/61.html
http://www.groupfortheeastend.org
http://www.scwa.com
http://www.scwa.com
http://www.lisser.us
http://www.soundwaters.org
http://www.nature.org
http://www.liwc.org
http://www.environmentnewyork.org
http://friendsofthebay.org
http://www.peconicbaykeeper.org
http://newyork.sierraclub.org/longisland/
http://www.longislandnn.org
http://longislandsoundstudy.net
http://www.pinebarrens.org 


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