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Focus Questions


Topic: Socio-Medical Issues
Teens and the Abuse of Presription Medications

1. What is prescription drug abuse?
2.(a) Is prescription drug abuse a big problem for teens?
2.(b) How many teens abuse prescription drugs?
3.(a) What prescription drugs are most commonly abused by teens?
3.(b) How do they usually obtain these medications?
4. What are the major reasons that teens abuse prescription medications?
5. What are some signs that teens are abusing prescription drugs?
6. What are the short term and long term impacts of abusing prescription medications?
7. What are the common misconceptions about prescription drug abuse?
8. What types of resources and services are available for teens who abuse prescription medications?
9. How prevalent is prescription drug abuse in your school?
Do you know anyone who has ever abused prescription medications?

10. How can you help prevent prescription drug abuse?
11. What is being done to try to combat prescription drug abuse?

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E-Links for Focus Questions

1. What is prescription drug abuse?

National Institute on Drug Abuse:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs/what-prescription-drug-abuse
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/prescription-over-counter-medications

Medline Plus:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/prescriptiondrugabuse.html

NCADD (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.):
http://www.ncadd.org/index.php/learn-about-drugs/prescription-drugs

The Mayo Clinic:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prescription-drug-abuse/DS01079

Troubled Teen 101:
http://www.troubledteen101.com/articles29.html

Above the Influence:
http://www.abovetheinfluence.com/facts/drugspresciptionrx

CRC Health Group:
http://www.prescription-drug-abuse.org


2. (a) Is prescription drug abuse a big problem for teens?

The Partnership at Drugfree.org:
https://www.drugfree.org/newsroom/pats-2012

EDC (Education Development Center):
http://www.edc.org/newsroom/articles/teen_prescription_drug_abuse_rise

Prescription for Disaster – How Teens Abuse Medicine:
http://www.justice.gov/dea/pr/multimedia-library/publications/ prescription_for_disaster_english.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db42.htm

Foundation for a Drug-Free World:
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/drugs/prescription-drugs.html

Health Policy Solutions:
http://www.healthpolicysolutions.org/2012/11/14/prescription-painkillers-like-loaded-guns-for-teens/


2. (b) How many teens abuse prescription drugs?

National Institute on Drug Abuse:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs/trends-in-prescription-drug-abuse/adolescents-young-adults

Rx Safety Matters:
http://www.rxsafetymatters.org/families-and-communities/facts-and-figures/

KPBS Public Broadcasting:
http://www.kpbs.org/news/2012/sep/24/national-campaign-against-teen-prescription-drug-a/

Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse:
http://www.prescriptiondrugmisuse.org/index.php?page=usage_amoung_youth


3. (a) What types of prescription drugs are most commonly used by teens?

Foundation for a Drug-Free World:
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/prescription-drugs-what-you-don-t-know.html

Illinois Alcoholism and Drug Dependence Association:
http://www.iadda.org/docs/CommForum2012/Prescription_drugs_FS_2012.pdf

National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Report:
http://www.chce.research.va.gov/docs/pdfs/RRPrescription.pdf

http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonly-abused-drugs/commonly-abused-prescription-drugs-chart

Public Broadcasting Station:
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/04/which-prescription-drugs-do-americans-abuse-most.html

Teen Challenge of Southern California:
http://www.teenchallenge.org/site/c.inKLKROuHqE/b.5610351/k.113/Chart_of_Commonly_Abused_Prescription_Drugs.htm

Prescription Drug Abuse:
http://www.prescriptiondrugabuse.org/Commonly-Abused-Prescription-Drugs.htm

Next Avenue:
http://www.nextavenue.org/article/2012-10/prescription-drug-abuse-commonly-abused-meds

Smart Moves, Smart Choices:
http://www.smartmovessmartchoices.org/commonly-abused-drugs

The Recovery Zone:
http://www.recoveryzone.org/docs/articles/commonly-abused-prescription-drugs.html


3. (b) How do they usually obtain these prescription drugs?

Casco Bay Can Create Awareness Now:
http://www.cascobaycan.org/mentor_parents_5.htm

CBS Sacramento Local:
http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/video/7972025-prescription-drugs-on-the-black-market/

Where Do Teens Get Prescription Drugs?:
http://radar.boisestate.edu/pdfs/WhereDoTeensGetPrescriptionDrugs.pdf

Save A Star Drug Awareness Foundation:
http://www.saveastar.org/pages/drug_awareness_where.html

Family Guide – Keeping Youth Mentally Healthy & Drug Free:
http://www.southingtonschools.org/uploaded/faculty/mbordonaro/drug_toolkit_parents_discussion.pdf

Aware Rx:
http://www.awarerx.org


4. What are the major reasons that teens abuse prescription medications?

Foundation for a Drug-Free World:
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/drugs/why-do-people-take-drugs.html

National Drug Treatment Centre, Addiction Ireland:
http://www.addictionireland.ie/faq/article.php?FID=33

National Institute on Drug Abuse:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/addiction-science/why-do-people-abuse-drugs http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/science-addiction/drug-abuse-addiction

St. Thomas Police Department:
http://www.stps.on.ca/index.php/AParentsGuideToDrugs/WhyYoungPeopleUseDrugs

Strong Bonds:
http://www.strongbonds.jss.org.au/problem/why.html

The Parent Toolkit:
http://theparenttoolkit.org/article/top-8-reasons-why-teens-try-alcohol-and-drugs

Medline Plus:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001522.htm

Live Strong:
http://www.livestrong.com/article/110594-reasons-people-abuse-drugs/

Teens Health:
http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/drugs/prescription_drug_abuse.html


5. What are some signs that teens are abusing prescription drugs?

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene:
http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/public/dohmhnews8-02.pdf

Narconon International:
http://www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/signs-symptoms-pain-relievers.html

Prescription Monitoring Program (Connecticut Government Department of Consumer Protection):
http://www.ct.gov/dcp/lib/dcp/drug_control/pmp/pdf/teenprescription.pdf

Gateway Foundation:
http://recovergateway.org/resources/signs-symptoms/

The Mayo Clinic:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prescription-drug-abuse/DS01079/DSECTION=symptoms

Sober Living by the Sea:
http://www.soberliving.com/resources/signs-of-teen-prescription-drug-abuse

Educate Before You Medicate:
http://www.talkaboutrx.org/documents/TAP2009_WarningSigns.pdf

Foundation for a Drug-Free World:
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/painkillers/warning-signs-of-prescription-painkiller-dependency.html

NCADD (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.):
http://www.ncadd.org/index.php/learn-about-drugs/signs-and-symptoms


6. What are the short term and long term impacts of abusing prescription drugs?

Foundation for a Drug-Free World:
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/depressants.html
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/antidepressants.html
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/opioids-and-morphine-derivatives-effects.html

Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse:
http://www.prescriptiondrugmisuse.org/index.php?page=consequences_long_term
http://www.prescriptiondrugmisuse.org/index.php?page=consequences_short_term

Narconon International:
http://www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/effects-of-prescription-drugs.html

Prescription Drug Abuse: A Growing Problem Among Teens: (Galesburg High School):
http://www.streaks.org/athletics/pdf/prescription.drug.%20handout.pdf

U Lifeline:
http://www.ulifeline.org/articles/390-the-dangers-of-misused-prescription-drugs

Only the Strong Survive:
http://www2.courtinfo.ca.gov/stopteendui/teens/resources/substances/pharming/short-and-long-term-effects.cfm

Stepping Stone Center for Recovery:
http://www.steppingstonecenter.org/prescription-drugs/

National Institute on Drug Abuse:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonly-abused-drugs/health-effects


7. What are the common misconceptions about prescription drug abuse?

Rx Safety Matters:
http://www.rxsafetymatters.org/recent-news/many-parents-underestimate-dangers-of-teen-use-of-prescription-drugs/

Phoenix House:
http://www.phoenixhouse.org/news-and-views/our-perspectives/ten-popular-myths-drugs-addiction-recovery/

Teen Drug Abuse:
http://www.teen-drug-abuse.org/teenoverthecounterdrugabuse/myths-otc-drug-use.htm

Greater/Grand Sudbury Police:
http://www.gspsyouth.ca/en/alcoholanddrugs/prescriptiondrugmisuse.php

Smart Moves, Smart Choices:
http://www.smartmovessmartchoices.org/facts

Educate Before You Medicate:
http://www.talkaboutrx.org/documents/TAP2009_MythBusters.pdf

Test Country:
http://www.testcountry.org/myths-and-facts-about-prescription-drug-abuse-in-the-u-s.htm

Stepping Stone Center for Recovery:
http://www.steppingstonecenter.org/debunking-the-myths-of-prescription-drug-abuse/

Alliance for Safe Kids:
http://allianceforsafekids.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Myth-Busting-Facts-1.pdf


8. What types of resources and services are available for teens who abuse prescription medications?

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline:
http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/GetHelp/Yourself

SAMHSA (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration):
http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov

MedicineNet.com:
http://www.medicinenet.com/teen_drug_abuse/page8.htm#where_can_a_person_get_help_for_teen_drug_abuse

Educate Before You Medicate:
http://www.talkaboutrx.org/documents/HelpfulResources.pdf

Phoenix House:
http://www.phoenixhouse.org/get-help/for-a-teen/

Teens Rehab Info:
http://teensrehab.org/teen-drug-rehab-how-teenagers-benefit.php

New York Center For Living:
http://www.centerforliving.org/teen-and-adolescent-drug-addiction-treatment-program.phpx

Teenage Substance Abuse:
http://teenagesubstanceabuse.org

Teen Challenge USA:
http://teenchallengeusa.com


9. How prevalent is prescription drug abuse in your school? Do you know anyone who has ever abused prescriptions drugs?

Long Island Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence:
http://www.licadd.com/info/about-drug-alcohol-treatment/tips-for-teens/prescription-drug-misuse/

Smart Moves, Smart Choices:
http://www.smartmovessmartchoices.org/pdfs/SmartMoves_SchoolToolKit_Web.pdf

Reuters:
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/06/08/us-drugs-highschool-idUSTRE75771U20110608

NBC News 4 New York:
http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/Plan-To-Open-Drug-Clinic-At-High-School-108801169.html

CBS News:
http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-204_162-3173660.html

Sachem Central School District at Holbrook:
http://www.sachem.edu/admin/Public_Announcements/sachem_friends/Newsday-%20Canine%20Unit.pdf

FiOS1 Long Island:
http://fios1news.com/longisland/node/23493

U.S. News and World Report:
http://health.usnews.com/health-news/managing-your-healthcare/articles/2010/06/03/20-of-us-high-schoolers-abuse-prescription-drugs


10. How can you help prevent prescription drug abuse?

Smart Moves, Smart Choices:
http://www.smartmovessmartchoices.org/pdfs/SmartMoves_SchoolToolKit_Web.pdf

Seminole Prevention Coalition:
http://seminolepreventioncoalition.org/pitchyourpills/prescription-drug-abuse-prevention.html#.UbzrjxYf94M

NCAPDA (National Coalition Against Prescription Drug Abuse):
http://ncapda.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=33&Itemid=7 http://ncapda.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=28&Itemid=6

Above the Influence:
http://www.abovetheinfluence.com/help/resources

National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens:
http://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/tag/prescription-drug-abuse
http://teens.drugabuse.gov/our-projects/peerx/get-involved


11. What is being done to try to combat prescription drug abuse?

NGA Center for Best Practices:
http://www.nga.org/cms/Rx

National Institutes of Health:
http://www.nih.gov/news/health/feb2013/nida-14.htm

Governor Cuomo:
http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/08272012prescription-drug-abuse

National Conference of State Legislatures:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/health/prevention-of-prescription-drug-overdose-and-abuse.phpx

U.S. Department of Justice – Drug Enforcement Administration:
http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_disposal/takeback/

MAPDA (Mothers Against Prescription Drug Abuse):
http://mapdaonline.org

Capitol Region BOCES (Board of Cooperative Education Services):
http://www.capregboces.org/BOCESInsider/InsidePages/2012-13/05_02_Schumer.cfm

National Rx Drug Abuse Summit:
http://nationalrxdrugabusesummit.org

FDA – U.S. Food and Drug Administration:
http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Testimony/ucm356674.htm


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Helpful Links:

http://teens.drugabuse.gov
http://www.drugabuse.gov
http://www.abovetheinfluence.com
http://www.cdc.gov
http://www.prescriptiondrugabuse.org
http://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/rrprescription.pdf
http://www.oasas.ny.gov

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