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Focus Questions


Topic: Community Issues
Inequality on Long Island: Race, Class, Education and Economy

1. Is there a growing economic inequality in the United States?
2. Is inequality growing on Long Island?
3. Is Long Island becoming more racially diverse?
4. What groups of Long Island’s population are growing at the fastest rate?
5. What is racial segregation?
6. What is economic segregation?
7. Can racial and economic segregation overlap?
8. What are high poverty schools?
9. What could be done to reduce the economic segregation of the minority population?
10. Is there racial diversity in your community and/ or school district?
11. What are potential remedies to inequalities in public schools on Long Island?
12. How has the recent recession affected the economy of Long Island?
13. How does the increase of economic inequality impact Long Islanders?
14. What can be done to reduce inequalities in our society?


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E-Links for Focus Questions

1. Is there a growing economic inequality in the United States?

The Economist:

http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21586578-americas-income-inequality-growing-again-time-cut-subsidies-rich-and-invest 

The New York Times:

http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/the-wealth-gap-is-growing-too/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/12/business/the-vicious-circle-of-income-inequality.html 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/31/business/economy/in-us-an-inequality-gap-of-sobering-breadth.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1412785118-FVJf753GBg2E0UGwqJx9Tg 

Economic Policy Institute:

http://epi.3cdn.net/2a7ccb3e9e618f0bbc_3nm6idnax.pdf 

Inequality:

http://inequality.org 

The Economic Populist:

http://www.economicpopulist.org/content/americas-growing-income-inequality-problem-5339 

Reuters:

http://www.reuters.com/subjects/income-inequality 

http://in.reuters.com/video/2014/08/13/how-income-inequality-is-hurting-the-eco?videoId=340484711 

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):

http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=IDD 

http://www.oecd.org/social/inequality.htm 

United States Census Bureau:

http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/acsbr10-18.pdf 


2. Is inequality growing on Long Island?

Vision Long Island:

http://www.visionlongisland.org/smart_talk/11-04-11/images/102811_LI_DraftPlan.pdf 

Suffolk County Government:

http://legis.suffolkcountyny.gov/clerk/cmeet/wwc/2012/SWTWC-StrugglinginSuburbia121812.pdf 

Long Island Index:

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/e40dcc2e-6c4b-4ba8-ba59-e6d0f6b13bac 

http://www.longislandindex.org/indicators 

The New York Times:

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/08/opinion/sunday/struggling-in-the-suburbs.html 


3. Is Long Island becoming more racially diverse?

Newsday:

http://longisland.newsday.com/templates/simpleDB/?pid=191 

http://www.mrformansplanet.com/Newsday12142010HispAsian.pdf 

CBS News:

http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/02/24/long-island-among-americas-most-segregated-metro-areas/ 

Make The Road New York:

http://www.maketheroadny.org/article.php?ID=2738 

ERASE Racism (New York):

http://www.eraseracismny.org/press-room/6-press-releases/255-new-research-reveals-continued-segregation-and-racial-disparities 

The New York Times:

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/realestate/27lizo.html 

Valley Stream Herald:

https://liherald.com/valleystream/stories/Changing-demographics-demand-new-thinking,47586?content_source=&category_id=28&search_filter=&event_mode=&event_ts_from=&list_type=&order_by=&order_sort=&content_class=&sub_type=&town_id= 


4. What groups of Long Island’s population are growing at the fastest rate?

Long Island Index:

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/e75694c1-0c70-4008-aa6f-330355ca0a33 

Suffolk County Department of Planning:

http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/Portals/0/planning/Publications/demoecon_all_012309.pdf 

Horace Hagedorn Foundation:

http://www.hagedornfoundation.org/downloads/Adelphi%20Report.pdf 

Public Broadcasting Service:

http://www.pbs.org/pov/farmingville/swf/sfpop_hypergrowth.html 

Hispanic Federation:

http://www.hispanicfederation.org/espanol/images/pdf/publications/policy_brief/

fulfilling_the_promise_of_li_report.pdf 

LongIsland.com:

http://www.longisland.com/population.html 


5. What is racial segregation?

The Library of Congress:

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-segregation.html 

Smithsonian National Museum of American History:

http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/segregated-america.html 

National Humanities Center:

http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1917beyond/essays/crm.htm 

http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1865-1917/essays/segregation.htm 

Public Broadcasting Service:

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/ 

http://www.pbs.org/beyondbrown/history/fullhistory.html 

National Park Service:

http://www.nps.gov/malu/forteachers/jim_crow_laws.htm 

Do Something:

https://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/background-racial-discrimination 

Teaching Tolerance:

http://www.tolerance.org/supplement/segregation-today 


6. What is economic segregation?

Public Broadcasting Service:

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business-july-dec12-segregation_08-01/ 

Pew Research Center:

http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2012/08/01/the-rise-of-residential-segregation-by-income/ 

NPR (National Public Radio):

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/13/158694543/a-new-kind-of-segregation-income-segregation 

US 2010: Discover America in a New Century:

http://www.s4.brown.edu/us2010/Data/Report/report111111.pdf 

Inequality.org:

http://inequality.org/income-inequality/ 

The National Bureau of Economic Research:

http://www.nber.org/papers/w14908 

Federal Reserve Bank of Boston:

http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/fall/geographic-segregation-role-of-income-inequality.htm 


7. Can racial and economic segregation overlap?

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development:

http://www.huduser.org/portal/pdredge/pdr_edge_research_032212.html 

Cornell University:

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/06/reunion-rooks-calls-end-racial-segregation 

United States National Library of Medicine; National Institutes of Health:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3079029/ 

The Huffington Post:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/20/american-schools-still-he_n_1901583.html 

The Smithsonian:

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/in-step-with-income-inequality-us-cities-more-geographically-segregated-than-ever-13050270/?no-ist= 

Population Reference Bureau:

http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2012/us-high-poverty-neighborhoods.aspx 

ERASE Racism (New York):

http://www.eraseracismny.org/our-work/education 

Economic Policy Institute:

http://www.epi.org/publication/modern-segregation/ 

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development:

http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/may13/vol70/num08/Why-Our-Schools-Are-Segregated.aspx 

The Century Foundation:

http://tcf.org/work/workers_economic_inequality/detail/racial-segregation-is-still-a-problem 


8. What are high poverty schools?

Long Island Index:

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/a5069703-db4c-44d8-8ef6-37b7f336e00a 

Education by the Numbers (The Hechinger Report):

http://educationbythenumbers.org/content/the-number-of-high-poverty-schools-increases-by-about-60-percent_161/ 

The Network for Public Education:

http://www.networkforpubliceducation.org/news/education-by-the-numbers-the-number-of-high-poverty-schools-increases-by-about-60-percent-the-hechinger-report/ 

The Huffington Post:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/05/27/report-percentage-of-high_n_592159.html 

National Center for Education Statistics:

http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/analysis/2010-section1a.asp 


9. What could be done to reduce the economic segregation of the minority population?

National Education Association:

http://www.nea.org/home/39745.htm 

Erase Racism New York:

http://www.eraseracismny.org/storage/documents/education/ERASE_Racism-long-island-

district-facts.pdf 

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People:

http://naacp.3cdn.net/e5524b7d7cf40a3578_2rm6bn7vr.pdf 

Covering Poverty - A Tool Kit for Journalists:

http://www.coveringpoverty.org/tutorials/education/ 

Learning First Alliance:

http://www.learningfirst.org/staffing 

Inequality in Teaching and Schooling: Supporting High-Quality Teaching and Leadership in Low-Income Schools:

http://web.stanford.edu/~ldh/publications/LDH-Post-Inequality.pdf 

Urban Institute:

http://www.urban.org/publications/1001469.html 

American Federation of Teachers:

https://www.aft.org/pdfs/teachers/highpoverty0310.pdf 

Center for Public Education:

http://www.centerforpubliceducation.org/Main-Menu/Organizing-a-school/High-performing-high-poverty-schools-At-a-glance-/High-performing-high-poverty-schools-Research-review.html


10. Is there racial diversity in your community and/or school district?

Long Island Index:

https://lii-production.s3.amazonaws.com/cms-uploads/presses/8/LI-school-segregation-press-release.pdf 

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/bd7975ba3fb128139cbda7400391b0e6 

LongIsland.com:

http://www.longisland.com/articles/03-26-12/long-island-schools-integration-or-segregation.html 

Institute on Race and Poverty: Research, Education and Advocacy:

http://www.racialequitytools.org/resourcefiles/irp.pdf 

ERASE Racism New York:

http://www.eraseracismny.org/our-work/education 

Long Island Herald:

http://www.liherald.com/stories/Long-Island-Index-releases-study-on-school-segregation,40918?page=1&content_source= 

Newsday:

http://www.newsday.com/opinion/oped/gross-li-schools-are-separate-and-unequal-1.2927465 

Long Island Regional Planning Board:

http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/Portals/0/planning/LIRPC/LIRPC_SDSeg.pdf 

News 12 Long Island:

http://longisland.news12.com/news/study-smithtown-brentwood-are-least-diverse-of-long-island-school-districts-1.7514695 

Long Island Press:

http://www.longislandpress.com/2014/05/17/long-island-segregation-drives-educational-inequality-60-years-after-brown-v-boe/ 

Long Island Business News:

http://libn.com/2014/03/26/report-ny-schools-are-most-racially-segregated/ 

CBS:

http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/02/24/long-island-among-americas-most-segregated-metro-areas/


11. What are potential remedies to inequalities in public schools on Long Island?

Times Beacon Record (North Shore of Long Island):

http://www.northshoreoflongisland.com/Articles-i-2012-05-10-92306.112114-sub-Long-Island-needs-crossdistrict-high-schools.html 

Teachers College: Columbia University:

http://www.tc.columbia.edu/news.htm?articleID=7175 

ERASE Racism New York:

http://www.eraseracismny.org/press-room/6-press-releases/257-new-education-equity-working-groups 

Long Island Index:

http://longislandfed.org/sites/longislandfed.org/files/specialanalysis.pdf 


12. How has the recent recession affected the economy of Long Island?

Newsday:

http://www.newsday.com/business/li-s-post-recession-job-market-more-jobs-lower-pay-1.5341252 

Long Island Index:

https://lii-production.s3.amazonaws.com/cms-uploads/presses/88/Long_Island_Index_Survey_Report_Dec_2012.pdf 

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/96e4c375-d00f-406d-901d-a6717d5220a8 

Long Island Press:

http://archive.longislandpress.com/2012/03/29/long-island-grads-face-uncertain-future/ 

Long Island Business News:

http://libn.com/2013/07/08/temporary-jobs-becoming-a-permanent-fixture-in-us/ 

The Wall Street Journal:

http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887324082604578487262418389512?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424127887324082604578487262418389512.html 

Department of Labor:

http://labor.ny.gov/stats/lon/index.shtm 


13. How does the increase of economic inequality impact Long Islanders?

United States Census Bureau:

http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/acs-16.pdf 

The New York Times:

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/25/business/yourmoney/25view.html 

Long Island Index:

http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/b2aa5de1-6e6a-4ce0-9a4b-40edb77e0336 

The National Bureau of Economic Research:

http://www.nber.org/reporter/spring03/health.html 

Inequality.org:

http://inequality.org/inequality-health/ 

Public Broadcasting Service:

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business-july-dec11-makingsense_09-28/ 


14. What can be done to reduce inequalities in our society?

The Huffington Post:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/murray-lipp/we-must-target-the-origins-of-homophobic-violence-religion-patriarchy-and-heterosexism_b_3323308.html 

Cornell University:

http://lgbtrc.cornell.edu/dos/cms/lgbt/organizations/dash.cfm 

ERASE Racism New York:

http://www.eraseracismny.org 

Newsworks:

http://www.newsworks.org/index.php/local//nw-philly-parents/37492-shifting-family-roles 

New York State Assembly:

http://assembly.state.ny.us/mem/Harry-B-Bronson/story/52120/ 

WhiteHouse.gov:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/raise-the-wage 

The Economist:

http://www.economist.com/news/business/21598669-bestand-worstplaces-be-working-woman-glass-ceiling-index 

Department of Economic and Social Affairs:

http://undesadspd.org/Poverty/PovertyandInequality.aspx 

The New York Times:

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/20/to-reduce-inequality-start-with-families 

American Progress:

http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/news/2014/01/28/82929/6-policies-to-combat-inequality 


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Helpful Links:


http://inequality.org 
http://www.eraseracismny.org
http://www.longislandindex.org
http://www.longislandpress.com
http://www.loc.gov/index.html
http://nces.ed.gov
http://www.census.gov
http://www.pewresearch.org
http://www.naacp.org
http://www.pbs.org
http://libn.com
http://www.nea.org


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