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Focus Questions


Topic: Community Issues
Subtopic 1: The Future of Long Island: Economic Development, Housing Transportation, and Community

1.(a) What are the major industries that exist on Long Island?
1.(b) What are the industry sectors on Long Island where employment is currently growing and what are the industry sectors where employment is declining?
2.(a) What is the percentage of Long Islanders who spend more than 35% of their income on housing?
2.(b) How does this percentage number compare to other suburban areas near New York City?
3.(a) What is Smart Growth?
3.(b) What is mixed-use zoning and how it could benefit economic development?
4.(a) What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?
4.(b) Why is having public transportation important for economic development?
5. How can we improve transporting people in our region?
6. What could be done to stimulate economic growth on Long Island?
7. What non-profit organizations based on Long Island work to advance the causes of alternative housing, better transportation, and economic development?
8. What kind of housing and transportation projects would make it more attractive to live on Long Island? What kind of economic development would help to ensure that young people can have an economic future on Long Island?
9. What can we do to help young people realize their creative and working potential in the suburbs?

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E-Links for Focus Questions
1.(a) What are the major industries that exist on Long Island?

Bureau of Labor Market Information; Division of Research and Statistics:
https://labor.ny.gov/stats/PDFs/Significant-Industries-Long-Island.pdf

Empire State Development:
http://esd.ny.gov/RegionalOverviews/LongIsland/InsideRegion.html

Office of the State Comptroller:
http://osc.state.ny.us/reports/li_ag_rpt_10_2013.pdf

Long Island Sustainable Wine Growing:
http://www.lisustainablewine.org/sustainable-viticulture.html

Long Islands Contractors’ Association, Inc.:
http://www.licanys.org

Long Island Forum for Technology:
http://www.lift.org



1.(b) What are the industry sectors on Long Island where employment is currently growing and what are the industry sectors where employment is declining?

Department of Labor:
http://labor.ny.gov/stats/ 


http://labor.ny.gov/stats/lon/index.shtm 

The Wall Street Journal:
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887324082604578487262418389512 

Long Island Index:
http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/4f1d9535-d278-4cc1-86f6-f4c0c5ef30ba 

Hofstra University:
http://www.hofstra.edu/pdf/academics/colleges/hclas/cld/cld-rlr-sp13-jobquantity-defreitas.pdf 

Department of Labor:
http://labor.ny.gov/stats/LSLAUS.shtm 

Bureau of Labor Statistics:
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.nr0.htm 


http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm



2.(a) What is the percentage of Long Islanders who spend more than 35% of their income on housing?

The Rauch Foundation:
http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/bitstreams/95988.pdf 

LION (Long Island Organizing Network):
http://www.nyslocalgov.org/pdf/hearings/072407/LION.pdf 

The National Center for Suburban Studies at Hofstra University:
 http://www.hofstra.edu/pdf/academics/css/ncss_new_cassel_0711.pdf 

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/assets/downloads/LIAFACTBOOK_2012_final.pdf 

Long Island Press:
http://archive.longislandpress.com/2012/01/20/study-long-islanders-pay-too-much-for-housing/ 

“The Truth and the Facts”: Food Inequality on Long Island (Adelphi University):
http://chi.adelphi.edu/files/2013/04/Food-Inequality-Report-2013.pdf 

Yes In My Backyard:
http://www.yimbyli.com/what-is-affordable-housing.php 

Long Island Community Foundation:
http://www.licf.org/Portals/0/Uploads/Documents/Long-Islands-Rental-Housing-Crisis.pdf 

The New York-Connecticut Sustainable Communities:
http://www.sustainablenyct.org/docs/Long%20Island%20Affordable%20and%20Fair%20Housing%20Report_051614.pdf



2.(b) How does this percentage number compare to other suburban areas near New York City?

National Low Income Housing Coalition:
http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2012-OOR.pdf

Bureau of Labor Statistics:
http://www.bls.gov/ro2/ce9805.pdf

A Three-County Regional Housing Needs Assessment (Dutchess County):
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CountyGov/Departments/Planning/tcrhassessment.pdf 

The New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/03/nyregion/03census.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 

United States Census Bureau:
http://www.census.gov/housing/census/publications/who-can-afford.pdf 

The Frederick News-Post:
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/news/economy_and_business/business_topics/real_estate/article_4307652f-2c1e-5839-a44c-1f74dfccdf7e.html

The National Association of Realtors:
http://realtormag.realtor.org/daily-news/2013/02/19/half-all-renters-spend-30-or-more-income-housing

Go Local:
http://www.golocalprov.com/news/half-of-ri-renters-spend-over-30-of-income-on-rent/

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago:
http://www.chapinhall.org/research/inside/185-million-us-households-pay-more-half-their-income-housing-reducing-money-availabl



3.(a) What is Smart Growth?

Smart Growth America:
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/what-is-smart-growth 

Smart Growth Network:
http://www.smartgrowth.org/network.php 

Vision Long Island:
http://www.visionlongisland.org/vli_mission.htm  

Empire State Future:
http://www.empirestatefuture.org/smart-growth/

United States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/about_sg.htm 

Sustainable Connections:
http://sustainableconnections.org/greenbuilding/sg 

Natural Resource Defense Council:
http://www.nrdc.org/smartgrowth/  

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation:
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/45970.html



3.(b) What is mixed-use zoning and how it could benefit economic development?

Livable New York Resource Manual:
http://www.aging.ny.gov/livableny/resourcemanual/planningzoninganddevelopment/ii2g.pdf 

Metropolitan Area Planning Council:
http://www.mapc.org/sites/default/files/Mixed_Use_Planners_Toolkit.pdf 

Useful Community Development:
http://www.useful-community-development.org/mixed-use-development.html 

Real Estate Issues:
http://www.cre.org/memberdata/pdfs/Mixed-Use_Development.pdf 

Smart Growth Network:
http://www.smartgrowth.org/principles/mix_land.php 

American Planning Association:
https://www.planning.org/pas/quicknotes/pdf/QN6.pdf



4.(a) What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?

Transit-Oriented Development:
http://www.transitorienteddevelopment.org 

Reconnecting America:
http://reconnectingamerica.org/what-we-do/what-is-tod/ 

The Center for Neighborhood Technology:
http://www.cnt.org/tcd/projects/ctod/ 

Victoria Transport Policy Institute:
http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm45.htm 

National Development Council:
http://nationaldevelopmentcouncil.org/blog/?p=1511 

CIBS - Commercial Industrial Brokers Society of Long Island:
http://www.cibs-li.org/news/241-transportation-and-real-estate 

Empire State Future:
http://www.empirestatefuture.org/geography/state/tod-line-winter-2013-edition-barclays-center-yonkers-long-island-and-more/ 

Sustainable Long Island:
http://sustainableli.org/2012/05/eye-on-the-island-redeveloping-li-anton-community-newspapers/ 

Ronkonkoma Hub Transit-Oriented Planning Study: Town of Brookhaven:
http://www.brookhaven.org/Portals/0/Documents/Planning/Hamlet%20and%20Vision/2009%20RONKONKOMA%20HUB%20TRANSIT-ORIENTED%20PLANNING%20STUDY.pdf 

CTOD (Center for Transit-Oriented Development):
http://www.ctod.org 

United States Department of Transportation:
http://www.fta.dot.gov/12347_6932.html



4.(b) Why is having public transportation important for economic development?

The Rauch Foundation - How the Long Island Rail Road Could Shape the Next Economy:
http://www.rauchfoundation.org/files/9913/5818/7008/How_the_LIRR_Could_Shape_the_Next_Economy.pdf 

Eastern Long Island (New York State) Intermodal Transit Oriented Development Project:
https://www.dot.ny.gov/recovery/sponsors/tiger/repository/Riverhead%20Application.pdf 

American Public Transportation Association:
http://www.apta.com/gap/policyresearch/Documents/facts_economic_09.pdf 


http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/twenty_first_century.pdf 


http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf 

Public Transportation:
http://www.publictransportation.org/benefits/Pages/default.aspx 


http://www.publictransportation.org/community/media/coverage/print/Pages/SampleOpEdEconomic.aspx 

Smart Growth America:
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/issues/transportation/ 

Transportation and Economic Development (Hofstra University):
http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch7en/conc7en/ch7c1en.html 

National Association for State Community Services Programs:
http://www.nascsp.org/data/files/csbg_publications/issue_briefs/issuebrief-benefitsofruralpublictransportation.pdf

Long Island Index:
https://lii-production.s3.amazonaws.com/cms-uploads/presses/99/Third_Track_Press_Release.pdf 

The New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/10/us/use-of-public-transit-in-us-reaches-highest-level-since-1956-advocates-report.html 

The Huffington Post:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nancy-rauch-douzinas/long-islands-future-prosp_b_2633708.html



5.How can we improve transporting people in our region?

Connect Long Island:
http://ny-babylon.civicplus.com/DocumentCenter/View/393

Department of Transportation:
https://www.dot.ny.gov/programs/stip 


https://www.dot.ny.gov/programs/stip/files/R10.pdf 

Governor Andrew Cuomo:
http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/06272013grant-program-support-cleaner-greener-plans-long-island 

Metropolitan Transit Authority:
http://web.mta.info/capital/index.php 

Five Town Rural Transit, Inc.
http://www.eastendshuttle.org/WhyPublicTransit.pdf 

New York Metropolitan Transportation Council:
http://www.nymtc.org 

Car Free Day Long Island:
http://carfreedayli.com 

Long Island Business News:
http://libn.com/2012/06/26/bellone-plans-north-south-transit-connections/ 

Transit Solutions:
http://transitsolutions.org 

Suffolk Bicycle Riders Association:
http://www.bicyclelongisland.org/sbrafram.htm 

National Bus Rapid Transit Institute:
http://www.nbrti.org 

Action Long Island:
http://actionlongisland.org



6.What could be done to stimulate economic growth on Long Island?

Long Island Regional Planning Council:
http://www.lirpc.org/3.2010-12-02_LI2035StrategiesReport.pdf 

Governor Cuomo:
http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/07272011LongIslandRegionalEconomicDevelopmentCouncil 

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/lia-priorities.cfm 

Long Island Index:
https://lii-production.s3.amazonaws.com/cms-uploads/presses/91/Long_Island_Index_2013_Press_Release.pdf 

Long Island’s Future Economy:
http://www.hempsteadworks.com/PDF/LongIslandsFutureEconomy2.pdf 

Arts & the Economy: Using Arts and Culture to Stimulate State Economic Development (NGA Center for Best Practices): 
http://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/0901ARTSANDECONOMY.PDF 



7.What non-profit organizations based on Long Island work to advance the causes of alternative housing, better transportation, and economic development?

Vision Long Island:
http://www.visionlongisland.org/vli_mission.htm 

Long Island Forum for Technology:
http://www.lift.org/mission.php 

Sustainable Long Island:
http://sustainableli.org/who-we-are/our-mission/ 

Action Long Island:
http://actionlongisland.org/about-ali/ 

Long Island Bus Riders Union:
http://www.longislandbusridersunion.org/p/about-us.html 

Options for Community Living, Inc.: 
http://optionscl.org 

Long Island Housing Partnership, Inc.:
http://www.lihp.org/mission.html 

Long Island Progressive Coalition:
http://lipc.org/who-is-lipc-long-island/ 

Long Island Housing Services, Inc.:
http://www.lifairhousing.org



8.What kind of housing and transportation projects would make it more attractive to live on Long Island? What kind of economic development would help to ensure that young people can have an economic future on Long Island?

Vision Long Island:
http://www.visionlongisland.org 

Destination Long Island:
http://destinationli.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Destination-LI-Survey-Report.pdf 

Newsday:
http://www.newsday.com/classifieds/real-estate/li-needs-more-walkable-urban-spaces-expert-1.5525918 

Long Island Press:
http://www.longislandpress.com/2013/06/20/long-island-brain-drain-targeted-by-planners-developers/#section-menu-mobile 

Long Island:
http://www.longisland.com/news/01-13-14/patchogue-2014-nows-the-time-for-change.html 

CBS:
http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2013/06/20/experts-long-island-needs-to-step-up-to-keep-its-youth 

Long Island Business News:
http://libn.com/youngisland/2014/06/09/survey-says-were-out/ 

Build a Better Burb:
http://buildabetterburb.org 

LongIsland.com:
http://www.longisland.com/chambers-of-commerce/

27 East:
 http://www.27east.com/news/article.cfm/East-End/59007/As-Housing-Prices-Rise-Younger-People-Take-Off

New York Regional Council:
http://regionalcouncils.ny.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2013/HI-RESFINALLIEconomyBookPRINT.pdf



9.What can we do to help young people realize their creative and working potential in the suburbs?

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Helpful Links:


http://www.visionlongisland.org


http://www.bls.gov


http://www.lifb.com


http://www.longislandassociation.org


http://www.longislandindex.org


http://www.cdcli.org


http://www.reconnectingamerica.org


http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org


http://www.nyc.gov/html/index.html


https://www.dot.ny.gov/index


http://www.census.gov


http://www.nylcv.org


http://www.rauchfoundation.org


http://newyork.sierraclub.org/longisland/


http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov 



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