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Focus Questions


Topic: Community Issues
Subtopic 1: Living on Long Island: Economic Development, Community, and Housing

1.(a) What are the major industries that exist on Long Island?
1.(b) What are the industry sectors on Long Island where employment is currently growing and what are the industry sectors where employment is declining?
2. What is Long Island's current unemployment rate? What are the reasons why we have so many unemployed people?
3.(a) What is the percentage of Long Islanders who spend more than 35% of their income on housing?
3.(b) How does this percentage number compare to other suburban areas near New York City?
4.(a) What is Smart Growth?
4.(b) What is mixed-use zoning and how it could benefit economic development?
5.(a) What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?
5.(b) Why is having public transportation important for economic development?
6. How can we improve transporting people in our region?
7. What could be done to stimulate economic growth on Long Island?
8. What non-profit organizations based on Long Island work to advance the causes of alternative housing, better transportation, and economic development?
9. Are there civic associations and/or a Chamber of Commerce in your community? What projects have these associations accomplished in your community?

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E-Links for Focus Questions

1. (a) What are the major industries that exist on Long Island?

Bureau of Labor Market Information; Division of Research and Statistics:
http://labor.ny.gov/stats/PDFs/Significant-Industries-Long-Island.pdf

Office of the State Comptroller:
http://osc.state.ny.us/reports/li_ag_rpt_10_2013.pdf

Town of Riverhead:
http://townofriverheadny.gov/pView.phpx?id=3851&catid=121

Long Island Sustainable Wine Growing:
http://www.lisustainablewine.org/sustainable-viticulture.html

Long Islands Contractors’ Association, Inc.:
http://www.licanys.org

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/assets/downloads/LIAFACTBOOK_2012_final.pdf

Long Island Forum for Technology:
http://www.lift.org


1. (b) What are the industry sectors on Long Island where employment is currently growing and what are the industry sectors where employment is declining?

Department of Labor:
http://labor.ny.gov/stats/cesemp.php
http://labor.ny.gov/stats/lon/

Port Washington Patch:
http://portwashington.patch.com/groups/politics-and-elections/p/unemployment-rate-dips-slightly-in-north-hempstead

Long Island Index:
http://www.longislandindex.org/explore/4f1d9535-d278-4cc1-86f6-f4c0c5ef30ba


2. What is Long Island's current unemployment rate? What are the reasons why we have so many unemployed people?

Long Island.com:
http://www.longisland.com/news/05-03-13/labor-department-reports-unemployment-rate-edges-down-to-75-percent.html

Newsday:
http://www.newsday.com/classifieds/jobs/li-jobless-rate-lowest-since-2008-1.5306796

Long Island Exchange:
http://www.longislandexchange.com/press/2013/06/20/states-unemployment-rate-falls-to-lowest-level-in-more-than-four-years/

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/assets/downloads/LIAMonthlyEconomicReportMay2013.pdf

National Conference of State Legislation:
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/labor/state-unemployment-update.phpx

Bureau of Labor Statistics:
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.nr0.htm
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm


3. (a) What is the percentage of Long Islanders who spend more than 35% of their income on housing?

The Rauch Foundation:
http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/bitstreams/95988.pdf

LION (Long Island Organizing Network):
http://www.nyslocalgov.org/pdf/hearings/072407/LION.pdf

The National Center for Suburban Studies at Hofstra University:
http://www.hofstra.edu/pdf/academics/css/ncss_new_cassel_0711.pdf

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/assets/downloads/LIAFACTBOOK_2012_final.pdf

Long Island Press:
http://archive.longislandpress.com/2012/01/20/study-long-islanders-pay-too-much-for-housing/

“The Truth and the Facts”: Food Inequality on Long Island (Adelphi University)
http://chi.adelphi.edu/files/2013/04/Food-Inequality-Report-2013.pdf


3. (b) How does this percentage number compare to other suburban areas near New York City?

National Low Income Housing Coalition:
http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2012-OOR.pdf

Bureau of Labor Statistics:
http://www.bls.gov/ro2/ce9805.htm

A Three-County Regional Housing Needs Assessment (Dutchess County):
http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/CountyGov/Departments/Planning/tcrhassessment.pdf

The New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/03/nyregion/03census.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

United States Census Bureau:
http://www.census.gov/housing/census/publications/who-can-afford.pdf

The Frederick News-Post:
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/news/economy_and_business/business_topics/real_estate/article_4307652f-2c1e-5839-a44c-1f74dfccdf7e.html

National Association of Realtors:
http://realtormag.realtor.org/daily-news/2013/02/19/half-all-renters-spend-30-or-more-income-housing

Go Local:
http://www.golocalprov.com/news/half-of-ri-renters-spend-over-30-of-income-on-rent/

Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago:
http://www.chapinhall.org/research/inside/185-million-us-households-pay-more-half-their-income-housing-reducing-money-availabl


4. (a) What is Smart Growth?

Smart Growth America:
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/what-is-smart-growth

Smart Growth Network:
http://www.smartgrowth.org/network.php

Vision Long Island:
http://www.visionlongisland.org/vli_mission.htm

Sustainable Long Island:
http://sustainableli.org/who-we-are/our-mission/

Empire State Future:
http://www.empirestatefuture.org/smart-growth/

United States Environmental Protection Agency:
http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/about_sg.htm

Sierra Club:
http://www.sierraclub.org/sprawl/community/smartgrowth.php

Sustainable Connections:
http://sustainableconnections.org/greenbuilding/sg

Natural Resources Defense Council:
http://www.nrdc.org/smartgrowth/

Long Island’s Neighborhood Network:
http://www.longislandnn.org/smartgrowth/index.htm


4. (b) What is mixed-use zoning and how it could benefit economic development?

Livable New York Resource Manual:
http://www.aging.ny.gov/LivableNY/ResourceManual/PlanningZoningAndDevelopment/II2g.pdf

Metropolitan Area Planning Council:
http://www.mapc.org/sites/default/files/Mixed_Use_Planners_Toolkit.pdf

Useful Community Development:
http://www.useful-community-development.org/mixed-use-development.html

Real Estate Issues:
http://www.cre.org/memberdata/pdfs/Mixed-Use_Development.pdf


5. (a) What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)?

Transit Oriented Development:
http://www.transitorienteddevelopment.org

Reconnecting America:
http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/what-we-do/what-is-tod/

The Center for Neighborhood Technology:
http://www.cnt.org/tcd/ctod

Victoria Transport Policy Institute:
http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm45.htm

National Development Council:
http://nationaldevelopmentcouncil.org/blog/?p=1511

CIBS – Commercial Industrial Brokers Society of Long Island:
http://www.cibs-li.org/news/241-transportation-and-real-estate

Empire State Future:
http://www.empirestatefuture.org/geography/state/tod-line-winter-2013-edition-barclays-center-yonkers-long-island-and-more/

Sustainable Long Island:
http://sustainableli.org/blog/2012/05/eye-on-the-island-redeveloping-li-anton-community-newspapers/

The MTA Blue Ribbon Commission on Sustainability:
http://www.mta.info/sustainability/pdf/MTA%20Smart%20Growth-TOD%2010%2029%2008.pdf

Ronkonkoma Hub Transit-Oriented Planning Study: Town of Brookhaven:
http://www.brookhaven.org/Portals/0/Documents/Planning/Hamlet%20and%20Vision/2009%20RONKONKOMA%20HUB%20TRANSIT-ORIENTED%20PLANNING%20STUDY.pdf

CTOD (Center for Transit-Oriented Development):
http://ctod.org


5. (b) Why is having public transportation important for economic development?

The Rauch Foundation – How the Long Island Rail Road Could Shape the Next Economy:
http://www.rauchfoundation.org/files/9913/5818/7008/How_the_LIRR_Could_Shape_the_Next_Economy.pdf

Eastern Long Island (New York State) Intermodal Transit Oriented Development Project:
https://www.dot.ny.gov/recovery/sponsors/tiger/repository/Riverhead%20Application.pdf

American Public Transportation Association:
http://www.apta.com/gap/policyresearch/Documents/facts_economic_09.pdf
http://www.apta.com/mediacenter/ptbenefits/Pages/default.phpx
http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/twenty_first_century.pdf

Public Transportation Take Us There:
http://www.publictransportation.org/benefits/economy/Pages/default.phpx

Smart Growth America:
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/issues/transportation/

Transportation Riders United:
http://www.detroittransit.org/cms.php?pageid=26

Transporation and Economic Development (Hofstra University):
http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch7en/conc7en/ch7c1en.html


6. How can we improve transporting people in our region?

Suffolk County Government:
http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/Departments/CountyExecutive/tabid/101/ctl/details/itemid/441/mid/876/bellone-announces-plan-to-create-jobs-build-suffolks-innovation-economy.phpx
http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/SuffolkCountyPressReleases/tabid/1418/itemid/1123/amid/2954/county-executive-bellone-announces-two-request-for-proposals-to-advance-the-con.phpx

Connect Long Island:
http://ny-babylon.civicplus.com/DocumentCenter/View/393

Department of Transportation:
https://www.dot.ny.gov/programs/stip
https://www.dot.ny.gov/programs/stip/files/R10.pdf

Governor Andrew Cuomo:
http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/06272013grant-program-support-cleaner-greener-plans-long-island

Metropolitan Transit Authority:
http://www.mta.info/lirr/doubletrack/index.htm
http://www.mta.info/capconstr/esas/

Five Town Rural Transit, Inc.:
http://www.eastendshuttle.org/WhyPublicTransit.pdf

New York Metropolitan Transportation Council:
http://www.nymtc.org

Car Free Day Long Island:
http://carfreedayli.com

Long Island Business News:
http://libn.com/2012/06/26/bellone-plans-north-south-transit-connections/

Transit Solutions:
http://transitsolutions.org

Suffolk Bicycle Riders Association:
http://www.bicyclelongisland.org/sbrafram.htm

National Bus Rapid Transit Institute:
http://www.nbrti.org


7. What could be done to stimulate economic growth on Long Island?

Long Island Regional Planning Council:
http://www.lirpc.org/3.2010-12-02_LI2035StrategiesReport.pdf

Governor Andrew Cuomo:
http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/07272011LongIslandRegionalEconomicDevelopmentCouncil

Long Island Association:
http://www.longislandassociation.org/lia-priorities.cfm

Long Island Index:
https://lii-production.s3.amazonaws.com/cms-uploads/presses/91/Long_Island_Index_2013_Press_Release.pdf

Long Island’s Future Economy:
http://www.hempsteadworks.com/PDF/LongIslandsFutureEconomy2.pdf

Arts & the Economy: Using Arts and Culture to Stimulate State Economic Development (NGA Center for Best Practices):
http://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/0901ARTSANDECONOMY.PDF


8. What non-profit organizations based on Long Island work to advance the causes of alternative housing, better transportation, and economic development?

Vision Long Island:
http://www.visionlongisland.org/vli_mission.htm

Long Island Forum for Technology:
http://www.lift.org/mission.php

Sustainable Long Island:
http://sustainableli.org/who-we-are/our-mission/

HELP USA (HELP Suffolk):
http://www.helpusa.org/housing/transitional/help_suffolk

Action Long Island:
http://actionlongisland.org/who-we-are/mission-vision/

Long Island Bus Riders Union:
http://www.longislandbusridersunion.org/p/about-us.html

Options for Community Living, Inc.:
http://optionscl.org

Long Island Housing Partnership, Inc.:
http://www.lihp.org

Long Island Progressive Coalition:
http://lipc.org/who-is-lipc-long-island/

Long Island Housing Services, Inc.:
http://www.lifairhousing.org


9. Are there civic associations and/or a Chamber of Commerce in your community? What projects have these associations accomplished in your community?

Yaphank Taxpayers & Civic Association, Inc.:
http://www.yaphankcivic.org

Nassau Civic Association, Inc.:
http://nassaucivic.com/Civic_Organizations.htm

Shoreham Civic Organization:
http://shorehamcivic.homestead.com

Manor Park Civic Association:
http://www.manorparkcivic.org

Port Jefferson Station/Terryville Civic Association:
http://www.pjstca.com/index.php?p=homepage

Ronkonkoma Civic Association – Town of Islip Region:
http://ronkonkomacivicassociation.org

Greater Huntington Civic Group:
http://www.greaterhuntingtoncivicgroup.com

Valley Stream Chamber of Commerce:
http://valleystreamchamber.org/members/201/mill-brook-civic-association/

The Greater Sayville Chamber of Commerce, Inc.:
http://www.greatersayvillechamber.com

South Hampton Chamber of Commerce:
http://www.southamptonchamber.com

Long Island.com:
http://www.longisland.com/chambers-of-commerce/

Centereach Civic Association:
http://www.centereachcivic.org/?page_id=46


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Helpful Links:

http://www.visionlongisland.org
http://www.bls.gov
http://www.lifb.com
http://www.longislandassociation.org
http://www.longislandindex.org
http://www.cdcli.org
http://www.reconnectingamerica.org
http://www.apta.com/Pages/default.phpx
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org
http://www.nyc.gov/html/index.html
https://www.dot.ny.gov/index
http://www.census.gov
http://www.nylcv.org
http://www.rauchfoundation.org
http://newyork.sierraclub.org/longisland/
http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov



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