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Focus Questions


Topic: Environmental Issues
Long Island Future: Adapting to Climate Change


Research Questions

1. Climate Change is expected to bring stronger storms more frequently, such as Super storm Sandy. What can shoreline communities do protect against future storms, while keeping intact their communities and the environment?

  • buy-out options
  • “soft” solutions: creating new dunes/wetlands/or other natural buffer areas
  • “hard” solutions: building sea walls/tidal gates


2. Salt marshes provide a critical line of defense for coastal communities against severe storms and flooding. Unfortunately, Salt Marshes around Long Island are shrinking. For instance, between 1974 and 2001, there was an 18-36% loss in tidal wetlands in the Great South Bay.
  • What factors are contributing to this loss of marshlands around Long Island?
  • How does excessive nitrogen loading impact salt marshes and what is the primary source of this nitrogen?
  • How can efforts to improve coastal storm resiliency incorporate actions to protect and restore Long Island’s saltmarshes?

 3. Aside from Carbon, what are other greenhouse gases and the sources of these greenhouse gases?

 4. How can Smart Growth and regional planning mitigate climate change’s impact on communities?


E-Links for Focus Questions

5. Climate Change is expected to bring stronger storms more frequently, such as Super storm Sandy. What can shoreline communities do protect against future storms, while keeping intact their communities and the environment?
  • buy-out options
  • “soft” solutions: creating new dunes/wetlands/or other natural buffer areas
  • “hard” solutions: building sea walls/tidal gates

6. Salt marshes provide a critical line of defense for coastal communities against severe storms and flooding. Unfortunately, Salt Marshes around Long Island are shrinking. For instance, between 1974 and 2001, there was an 18-36% loss in tidal wetlands in the Great South Bay.
  • What factors are contributing to this loss of marshlands around Long Island?
  • How does excessive nitrogen loading impact salt marshes and what is the primary source of this nitrogen?
  • How can efforts to improve coastal storm resiliency incorporate actions to protect and restore Long Island’s saltmarshes?


6. Aside from Carbon, what are other greenhouse gases and the sources of these greenhouse gases?

7. How can Smart Growth and regional planning mitigate climate change’s impact on communities?


Helpful Links

http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org
http://www.citizenscampaign.org

 

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